Navratri for the year 2020 starts on Saturday 17 October and concludes the 9-day festival on Monday, 26 October.
Navaratri is a 9-day festival dedicated to the Hindu goddess Durga which begins on the first day of the lunar month of Ashwin. Navratri in Sanskrit means nine nights.
Navaratri 2020 days
Day 1 of the 2020 calendar year is 291 with 1 month on Saturday, October 17, the 21-day Navaratri marks the beginning of the 9-day festival of 2020.
Navratri is a 9-day Hindu festival dedicated to Param Goddess Durga. Each day of Navratri is dedicated to one incarnation of Maa Durga. Maa Durga is known as the universal protector and removes evil spirits and demons from one life. Navratri is celebrated 5 times a year according to Hindu traditions. People worship and bless us Durga and wish for a great life, compassion, knowledge and prosperity. The nine incarnations of Maa Durga are as follows:
- Maa Shailputri
- Maa Brahmacharini
- Maa Chandraghata
- Maa Kushmanda
- Maa Skand Mata
- Maa Katyayani
- Maa Kaalratri
- Maa Mahagauri
- Maa Siddhidatri
One of the 5 Navaratris is Sharad Navaratri, celebrated with great pomp by all Hindus. However, the remaining 4 have regional relevance. After Sharad Navaratri, Chaitra Navaratri is quite celebrated in some areas. Religious events are held to mark the occasion and to celebrate. On the other hand, social ceremonies and fairs are organized around Shakti Peethas and holy buildings during Chaitra Navratri.
The remaining three Navratris are called Gupt Navratri (Magha Gupta Navratri, Ashadh Gupta Navratri and Pausha Gupta Navratri). They are celebrated by very few people and are known for various occult practices. In these Gupta Navratras, very few people are familiar with Paush Navratri.
Importance of Navratri
Navratri is an amalgamation of two words: “Nav” + “Ratri”, which basically means nine nights in English. This festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy all over India. It is a popular festival celebrated in major parts of Gujarat, West Bengal and Delhi. Devotees express their gratitude to Mother Durga, perform Durga Puja and pray for good health, life and mind. After the ninth day, the tenth day is celebrated as Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashami, which symbolizes the victory of Lord Rama over King Ravana.
The festival of Navratri holds great importance in Hinduism as it symbolizes the victory of good over evil. These nine days are considered sacred and sacred, and the consumption of alcohol, meat, onions and garlic is strictly prohibited. People avoid doing any illegal activity and perform ceremonies, rituals, yoga and more.
Navratri comes four times a year. Of which the first Navaratri falls in the month of Chaitra and the second Navaratri is celebrated on the Pratipada date of the Shukla Paksha of Ashwin month. Apart from this, there are two Gupta Navratris. But according to the scriptures, The Navratri of Chaitra month and Ashwin month are considered special.
Nine forms of Maa Durga are worshipped for the nine days of Navratri of Shardiya month. Chanting, penance and havan at this time bring special benefits to the seeker. On the ninth day of Sharadiya Navaratri, the festival of Mahanavami is celebrated and mother Durga is said to have departed. After this, the festival of Dussehra i.e. Vijayadashami is celebrated on the next day of Mahanavami. All the problems of life are not only eliminated by duly worshipping Maa Durga in Arjaya Navaratri – Archana and fasting. Rather, people who worship Maa Durga for Siddhis in these Navratras also get siddhis.
How is Navratri Celebrated?
In India, Navratri is celebrated with zeal and enthusiasm. It occurs in the month of Ashwin according to the Hindu calendar. The idol of Maa Durga is worshiped in different forms for nine days and on the tenth day she is immersed in water. People wish for a good life, a healthy mind and body, and pray for spiritual, emotional and physical well-being. The pooja ritual is celebrated directly for nine days, each day showing the importance of an avatar or incarnation of Goddess Durga. Each day mentioned here has significance and is associated with the Goddess:
Day 1: Shailputri: Goddess Shailputri, an incarnation of Maa Parvati, is worshipped on this day. In this form, she can be seen sitting on a Nandi bull with a trident in her right hand and a lotus flower in her left one. The color of the day remains red, representing courage, perseverance and action.
Day 2: Brahmacharini: On the second day of Navratri, Goddess Brahmacharini is worshipped. She is said to be one of the many incarnations of Maa Parvati, who became Sati. The goddess is worshipped to attain moksha or salvation and peace. The colour of the day remains blue, indicating peace and positive energy. In this form, she can be seen walking barefoot, holding Kamandalu and Japamala in her hands.
Day 3: Chandraghanta: Goddess Chandraghanta is worshipped on the third day of Navratri. The name came after Maa Parvati married Lord Shiva and adorned the crescent on the forehead. Yellow, the colour of the day, signifies bravery.
Day 4: Kushmanda: Goddess Kushmanda is worshipped on the fourth day of Navratri. She can be seen sitting on a lion with eight hands. It is said to be the last growing vegetation and greenery on earth, which is why the colour of the day remains green.
Day 5: Skandamata: Goddess Kartikeya’s mother or Skandmata, the goddess Skandmata, is revered on the fifth day. He can be seen holding four arms, holding his young child and riding a fierce lion. She demonstrates the mutation power of a mother when she realizes that her child is in danger. The colour of the day remains grey.
Day 6: Katyayani: A violent incarnation of Goddess Durga and the daughter of sage Katya, Goddess Katyayani is worshipped on the sixth day. She represents courage and has four hands and rides a lion. The colour of the day remains orange.
Day 7: Kalratri: Maa Kalratri is known as the cruel form of Goddess Durga and she is worshipped on Saptami. The colour of the day remains white. It is believed that the fair skin of Maa Parvati was transformed into black to kill the two demons Demon and Shumbha.
Day 8: Mahagauri: Mother Mahagauri is worshipped on the eighth day of Navratri, and symbolizes peace and wisdom. The colour of the day remains pink, representing positivity.
Day 9: Siddhidatri: The ninth day is called Navami, and Mother Siddhidatri, also known as Ardhanareswara, is worshipped. He is the master of all kinds of attainments. He can be seen sitting on a lotus and has four hands.
Mythological Story Behind Navratri
There are many stories related to this festival, but two of them are very popular and popular. The first is about Mahishasura, a demon and how he got from the hands of Goddess Durga. here is my:
A demon named Mahishasura was a great worshiper of Lord Shiva. Impressed by the demon’s devotion, Lord Shiva was pleased and blessed him that he would not be killed by any man or deity. This blessing went on Mahishasura’s head, making him arrogant and arrogant. He started terrorizing the original inhabitants, invading their homes and causing problems for all. After destroying the earth, he targeted the heavens and also frightened the gods. The gods went to Tridev; Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva; To achieve a solution, which created Mother Durga. After a vigorous game of hide and seek, Mother Durga finally finds the demon and kills her. It commented on the victory of good over evil.
The second story is as follows:
Lord Rama was a great worshiper of the supreme superpower goddess Bhagwati. He devoted himself directly to his worship for nine days so that victory could be achieved against Ravana. On the ninth day, Goddess Bhagwati appeared before him and blessed him and on the tenth day Lord Rama killed Dasharanan. Since then, various forms of Goddess Bhagwati are straightened for nine days and celebrated on the tenth day of Vijayadashami.
Navaratri Celebrations all around India
The festival of Navaratri is widely celebrated in Eastern India and West Bengal. The pandals are built and the streets are decorated. Various forms of Goddess Durga are enshrined in pandals and worshipped by thousands of devotees. On the tenth day, his statue is taken with a huge procession and immersed. Sindoor Khela or playing with sindoor is a famous ritual that people observe during Durga Puja, where married women apply sindoor on the feet and foreheads of the goddess and then each other’s face.
In the state of Gujarat, devotees fast for nine days, worship and incarnate various incarnations of Goddess Durga. It is a very famous dance played between two people with sticks. Both men and women wear colorful clothes and play dandiya.
In UP and Delhi, Navratri begins at Ramlila. Large stages have been built for the show, which are considered grand and spectacular. For nine days, Ramlila concludes all aspects of the Ramayana and on the tenth day or Dashami, effigies of Ravana are burnt across the city and the country.
In Bihar, local temples organize festivities and pujas, and a local fair is arranged at Sitamarhi. Pottery, handicrafts, utensils and household utensils are displayed extensively.
Puja Ingredients for Navratri Puja
● A picture or idol of Goddess Durga in the temple altar
● Chunri or a red colored dyed cloth
● Fresh mango leaves
● Durga Saptashati book
● A red thread called Moli
● Red sacred powder or Moli
● Barley seeds
● A clay pot to sow barley seeds
● Supari or Areca nut
● Pan or Betel Leaves
● Cloves or Laung
● Cardamom or Elaichi
Navratri Puja Vidhi
Get up early in the morning, take a bath and put on clean clothes.
● Get all the above content.
● Arrange a plate for worship with all the ingredients in it.
● Place the idol or picture of Goddess Durga on a red coloured cloth.
● Keep earthen vessels, sow barley seeds and sprinkle some water daily till the ninth.
● Perform the process of establishment of the urn or auspicious inauspicious time. Fill the urn with Ganges water and place the mango leaves on its mouth. Wrap the neck of the Kalash with sacred red thread or molly and tie coconut with red chunari. Place the coconut on top of the mango leaves. Place the urn on a nearby or earthen vessel.
● Worship Panchopachara of the gods, which includes worshipping with flowers, camphor, incense sticks, myrrh and cooked dishes.
● Chant the mantras of Maa Durga and wish prosperity during these nine days. Invite her to your house and ask her to grace your home with your presence.
● On the eighth and ninth day, do the same puja and invite nine girls to your house. These nine girls represent the nine forms of Goddess Durga. Therefore, wash their feet, providing them a clean and comfortable seat. Worship them, apply tilak on their forehead and serve them delicious food.
● On the last day after Durga Puja, perform Ghat immersion. Say your prayers, offer flowers and rice to the gods and remove the pier from the altar.
Hope you like this article and get major information about the festival of Navratri. AstroSage wishes you a prosperous Navratri and Vijayadashami.